Eyelids, Oculoplastics and Lacrimal System

Evaluation of Orbital Disorders

Please read the following chapters (and review prior video lectures) and consider the following questions for the BCSC "Eval of Orbital Disorders/Congenital Orbital Anomalies" chapters. 


What are the pertinent positive and negative exam elements when examining a patient with a suspected orbital process?

What on-call orbital emergencies would lead to blindness or death without treatment?

What malignant orbital processes classically present with pain? 

Name four causes of pathologic enophthalmos.